There are six types of cancer that can affect a female's reproductive system. Called Gynecologic Cancers, they occur in different locations within a woman's pelvis. They are as follows:
- Ovary/Fallopian Tube
- Endometrial Cancer | Uterine Sarcoma
- Gestational Trophoblastic Disease
Each of these cancers is unique and differ in terms of their symptoms, risk factors and approaches for treating them. Of paramount importance is that when gynecologic cancers are found early, treatment is most effective. Should be Each of these cancers is unique and differ in terms of their symptoms, risk factors and treatment. As in most cancers, when detected earlier, the prognosis is improved.
Treating Gynecologic Cancers
Patients diagnosed as having any form of gynecologic cancer are generally referred to a gynecologic oncologist, a physician who specializes in treating these types of cancers. The oncologist will work with you to develop a treatment plan that will yield the best results.
Types of treatment
The type of treatment used will depend upon the type of cancer and whether it has spread or is at risk of spreading. Women with gynecologic cancer may get a combination of treatments ranging from surgery to chemotherapy and or radiation. Depending upon the approach used, side effects can vary. In most cases these will cease after treatment. Treatments can include:
- Surgical removal of the cancer tissue.
- Radiation which uses high-energy emissions similar to X-rays to kill the cancer cells and stop them from spreading.
- Chemotherapy that involves the use of drugs to stop or slow the growth of cancer cells, these drugs may be administered by injection, intravenously or in pill form. Occasional side effects may occur but are usually managed through medication.
Gynecologic Oncology Care
- Oncofertility Counseling